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SAT真题语法介绍

INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL INFORMATION
国际学校网    http://www.ctiku.com    2015年03月06日

  SAT考试成绩,或和其具有同等效力的ACT考试(American College Test)成绩,在申请美国大部分大学时都是必须提供的。下面为大家介绍一下SAT真题

  1.While playing in the park one morning,a loud argument was gotten into by several of the children over the use of swings.

(A)a loud argument was gotten into by several of the children

(B)a loud argument between several of the children was gotten into

(C)and a loud argument gotten into by several of the children

(D)several of the children getting into a loud argument

(E)several of the children got into a loud argument

答案:E

类型:逻辑主语。

解析:句子是doing形式的状语+主句的结构。在语法中,前置doing做非谓语时,doing动作的逻辑主语必须是句子主语,play这个动作的发出者应该是人,所以句子主语只能是人。由此排除ABC三个选项。D选项中,getting into不能做谓语动词,属于句子成分缺失。

  2. Vitamin D,which the body needs in order to absorb calcium,is produced when skin is exposed to ultraviolet rays.

(A) calcium,is produced

(B)calcium,and is produced

(C)calcium,producing it

(D)calcium and produces

(E)calcium and produces it

答案:A

类型:句子结构。

解析:句子的主语是维他命D,which引导定语从句做主语的同位语,那么之后必然有句子的谓语动词。因此A选项是正确的。B中and使用错误,and并列成分并不是两个动词。C选项导致主句无谓语动词。DE选项and并列的是定语从句的谓语动词,那么主语维他命D就没有谓语动词了,因此也是错误的。

  3. Designing a computer monitor requires not only an understanding ofelectromagnetism,chemistry,and the psychology of human vision.

(A) not only an understanding of

(B)both an understanding of

(C)an understanding of not only

(D)an understanding of both

(E)an understanding of

答案:E

类型:平行结构

解析:题目中平行的结构是electromagnetism,chemistry和the psychology of human vision。AC选项可以直接排除,因为only only和and不能连用。题目是三个名词的并列,因此both…and…这个短语也使用不恰当。BD也可以排除。

  4. Edgar Allan Poe’s poem “The Raven,” partly inspired by a talking raven in the novel Barnaby Rudge by Charles Dickens.

(A)Edgar Allan Poe’s poem “The Raven,”

(B)Edgar Allan Poe,whose poem “The Raven” was

(C)A poem by Edgar Allan Poe, “The Raven”,which was

(D)“The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe’s poem,being a poem

(E)“The Raven”,a poem by by Edgar Allan Poe,was

答案:E

类型:被动语态

解析:注意看到句中inspired by,这明显是被动语态的表达形式,那么inspired前面缺少一个be动词,因此AD可以直接排除。B选项,whose引导定语从句,导致主语EAP这个人没有谓语动词,因此B错。C选项which引导定语从句,但是主语依然没有谓语动词,因此C选项也错。E选项中,主语是“The Raven” ,两个逗号之间是插入语,was inspired做谓语动词。E正确。

  5. Unlike coniferous trees,whose leaves are usually needlelike,the leaves of deciduous trees are typically broad and flat.

(A)the leaves of deciduous trees are typically broad and flat

(B)it is typical for the leaves of deciduous trees to be broad and flat

(C)broad and flat leaves are typical of deciduous trees

(D)deciduous trees have leaves that are typically broad and flat

(E)on deciduous trees,the leaves are typically broad and flat

答案:D

类型:比较内容平行

解析:unlike后面是coniferous trees,那么句子主语必须也是tree才能保持平行,符合这一要求的只有D选项。

  6. Even choosing the least expensive rate,the package was so heavy that it cost Jose nearly a hundred dollars to mail it to his cousin in Madrid.

(A) Even choosing

(B)Even though choosing

(C)Even though he chose

(D)Although he had chose

(E)Although choosing

答案:C

类型:逻辑主语。

解析:choosing的逻辑主语是句子的主语,其动作发出者应该是人,但是句子的主语是the package,因此必须要再choose前加上动作发出者,ABE可以直接排除。D选项中,chose使用错误,因为choose的过去分词应该是chosen,综上只能选C。

  SAT主要是考察学生们在大学阶段所必需的阅读和写作能力。CB称,SAT会测验学生们将在学校学到的知识付诸实践运用分析、解决问题的能力,而这些知识在大学是至关重要的。

 

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